At this point, some of the breakthrough inventions of our times have been in the medical field. Robotic surgery has become an almost common practice in the advanced medical world and new uses for robotic assisted surgery are everyday set in place. However, such developments also attract different interests and implications. Robotic surgery, also known as computer assisted surgery, is a technological development that uses robotic systems to aid physicians in surgery, particularly to overcome limitations in minimally-invasive surgery, micro surgery, or to enhance the surgeon's abilities in open surgery.
Robotic surgery is the evolution of laparoscopy that addresses the drawbacks of laparoscopy" NJ urology. Considering the never ending improvement of technology, this type of surgery is being used more by a day worldwide and has a potential to totally take over the field of surgery.
However, as robotic surgery has its advantages, it also has its disadvantages. History and Evolution of Robotic Surgery History of robots industry can be linked to ancient Greeks, which had some kind of concept that we call today robots, many years before Christ.
However, first recorded designs were in late 15th century. Term Robot came from Czech writer Karel Capek in The second event was installation of robots in an American automobile manufacturing plant in " The Evolution.
These events also helped because they introduced robotics to people in the United States. However, first robotic procedure in medicine came more than 20 years later. Following that, robot was used to execute prostate surgery in Robotic surgery continued to getting developed as people were able to do a surgery from a long distance.
With these robots surgeons can be located in Europe, for example, and do the surgery in the United States. In previously mentioned procedures robotic surgeries were run by human hand and it surgeons were not ready to try a procedure that will be totally done by robot, essentially unmanned.
Use of robotics is largely expanding not just in surgery, but in medicine as whole, by a day. Today, robots are used in cardiac surgery, gastrointestinal surgery, gynecology, neurosurgery, orthopedics, pediatrics and urology. Pros and Cons of Robotic Surgery There are many advantages of the robotic surgery that have significantly improved medicine.
Firstly, one of the main pros of robotic surgery is precision and miniaturization, meaning that incision is drastically smaller comparing to ones made with human hand. Due to the small and precise cuttings, the patents hospital stay is greatly reduced" Thinkquest.
Since cuttings are so precise, patience needs drastically less time to recover and risk of post surgery infections decreases as well. Some of those are: Improved dexterity provides the surgeon with instinctive operative controls that make complex MIS procedures feel more like open surgery than laparoscopic surgery.
Another obvious advantage of robotic surgery is seen during the long surgeries, where surgeons as human beings can get tired in middle of procedure.
However, with the help of robots even the longest surgery is achievable much easier.
Finally, some would argue that robotic procedure is significantly more expensive and not worth it, however when everything is set and done, with the shorter recovery, the cost for the patient comes out pretty much even.
There are several disadvantages of robotic surgery. To begin with, robotic surgery is a very new technology and is not totally proven. To date, mostly studies of feasibility have been conducted, and almost no long-term follow up studies have been performed" Medscape.
Furthermore, robotic equipment that is being used today is extremely expensive not just to buy, but also to keep and operate.
Like any other technology, these machines go out of date rather quickly which creates more problems to hospital that are willing to purchase them.
Another issue with the cost is the problem with upgrading the systems as they improve. Only when these systems gain more widespread multidisciplinary use the costs will become more justified" Brown.
Along with price, another con of these systems is their size, which is gigantic and creates the problem in operating room because when you put that machine along with surgeons and other staff it overcrowds the room.
In conclusion, pros of robotic surgery outweigh the cons, which with the time will reduce.
Robotic Surgical System Types Since robotic surgery systems started to be available for commercial use inthere were several different models.
First robot that was non-laparoscopic was PUMA andRobots routinely carry out the crucial steps in some procedures including orthopedic knee replacements, Lasik eye surgery, and hair transplants.
What these types of surgery have in common, though. Young doctors struggle to learn robotic surgery – so they are practicing in the shadows January 9, am EST Surgeons in Switzerland use the robot da Vinci to aid a hernia operation. The use of robots in surgery has provided additional tools for surgeons enabling minimally invasive intervention or even long distance tele-operated surgeries Indeed we may trust on human creativeness and technical capabilities that can ever be improved in terms of technical achievements.
Research Paper on Robotic Surgery March 15, writer Research Papers 0 Robotic surgery is a term that describes surgery with the assistance of a robotic-computer complex, allowing to achieve high precision surgery.
Robots routinely carry out the crucial steps in some procedures including orthopedic knee replacements, Lasik eye surgery, and hair transplants.
What these types of surgery have in common, though. Major advantages for surgeons using robotic surgery include: Greater visualization; Enhanced dexterity; Greater precision; Robotic surgery is an advanced form of minimally invasive or laparoscopic (small incision) surgery where surgeons use a computer-controlled robot .