An analysis of aristotles views on metaphysics and ethics

Metaphysics substance, cause, form, potentiality Nicomachean Ethics soul, happiness, virtue, friendship Eudemain Ethics Politics best states, utopias, constitutions, revolutions Rhetoric elements of forensic and political debate Poetics tragedy, epic poetry 3. From their perspective, logic and reasoning was the chief preparatory instrument of scientific investigation. Aristotle himself, however, uses the term "logic" as equivalent to verbal reasoning.

An analysis of aristotles views on metaphysics and ethics

Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among its most outstanding features are Aristotle's insistence that there are no known absolute moral standards and that any ethical theory must be based in part on an understanding of psychology and firmly grounded in the realities of human nature and daily life.

Aristotle - Wikipedia

In addition, the book vividly reflects Aristotle's achievements in other areas of philosophy and is a good example of his analytical method, which must be considered the ultimate basis of all modern scientific research. People have not changed significantly in the many years since Aristotle first lectured on ethics at the Lyceum in Athens.

The human types and problems he discusses are familiar to everyone. The rules of conduct and explanations of virtue and goodness that he proposes can all help modern man to attain a fuller and more satisying understanding of his responsibilities as a member of society and the purpose of his existence.

For this alone Aristotle's book is still worth reading. Main Points of Aristotle's Ethical Philosophy The highest good and the end toward which all human activity is directed is happiness, which can be defined as continuous contemplation of eternal and universal truth.

One attains happiness by a virtuous life and the development of reason and the faculty of theoretical wisdom. For this one requires sufficient external goods to ensure health, leisure, and the opportunity for virtuous action. Moral virtue is a relative mean between extremes of excess and deficiency, and in general the moral life is one of moderation in all things except virtue.

No human appetite or desire is bad if it is controlled by reason according to a moral principle. Moral virtue is acquired by a combination of knowledge, habituation, and self-discipline.

Aristotle | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Virtuous acts require conscious choice and moral purpose or motivation. Man has personal moral responsibility for his actions. Moral virtue cannot be achieved abstractly — it requires moral action in a social environment. Ethics and politics are closely related, for politics is the science of creating a society in which men can live the good life and develop their full potential.

Nature of Ethics and methods of studying Ethics. Discussion of Happiness and the good as the ends of human life. Discussion of Moral Virtue. The Doctrine of the Mean. Moral purpose and moral responsibility.

Discussion of particular moral virtues. Further discussion of Pleasure. Happiness, the end of human life. Relationship of Ethics and Politics. Next Chapter I Pop Quiz! According to Aristotle, three conditions must be fulfilled for friendship to exist between two people.

Preliminaries

One of those conditions is expectation of shared material abundance mutual goodwill.Aristotle: Politics. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle ( B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.

The Politics also provides analysis of . ARISTOTLE NOTES ON METAPHYSICS By Dr. Dave Yount Mesa Community College May Contents’ Introduction*.. ..*7! A summary of Metaphysics in 's Aristotle. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Aristotle and what it means.

Perfect for acing essays, tests, . Politics (Greek: Πολιτικά, Politiká) is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher..

The end of the Nicomachean Ethics declared that the inquiry into ethics necessarily follows into politics, and the two works are frequently considered to be parts of a larger treatise, or perhaps connected lectures, dealing with the "philosophy of human affairs".

Aristotelianism (/ ˌ ær ɪ s t ə ˈ t iː l i ə n ɪ z əm / ARR-i-stə-TEE-lee-ə-niz-əm) is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of caninariojana.com school of thought is in the modern sense of philosophy, covering existence, ethics, mind and related subjects.

In Aristotle's time, philosophy included natural philosophy, . Nicomachean Ethics is a philosophical inquiry into the nature of the good life for a human being.

Aristotle begins the work by positing that there exists some ultimate good toward which, in the final analysis, all human actions ultimately aim.

An analysis of aristotles views on metaphysics and ethics

The necessary characteristics of the ultimate good are that it is complete, final, self-sufficient and continuous.

SparkNotes: Aristotle: Metaphysics