John dryden absalom and achitophel

Detailed Summary King David of Israel who is compared to Charles II of England had no legitimate issue from his legally married wife, though he had a number of illegitimate children from his several mistresses.

John dryden absalom and achitophel

Analysis The supreme merit of Absalom and Achitophel lies beyond doubt in its superb gallery of satiric portrayal of characters. His portraits shine with carefully detailed descriptions, and all such descriptions do not transgress the limits of moderation and sobriety.

He tries to be fair and avoids high-flown language. Though he is not above being coarse and indecent sometimes, yet as a rule he is tolerant like Chaucer. John Dryden His portraits, thus, become specimens of the living human being of day-to-day life and not as monsters or gods as presented in lesser satirists.

He does not affect moral indignation anywhere in the poem, for he knew that moral indignation was insufferable in political satires. He treats his victims with cool scorn and with no touch of ill-humor.

Another noteworthy thing about Dryden, the satirist, is that he never takes an unfair advantage over his enemies.

It is the spirit of good-humored ridicule which he advocated and which he introduced for the first time in English satire. He does not shrink from bestowing praise where it is due. Prior to his turning an intriguer of revolt, Achitophel was a judge. What was he as a judge, Dryden thus describes: This apart, he is constantly moving from particular to general, from the individual to the typical.

Absalom and Achitophel - Wikipedia

His Achitophel is Shaftesbury, an individual intriguer and plotter, yet, in the abstract, he is a type true in all times and climes. His portrait of Zimri is unique in English literature. He is at once Buckingham and the idle grand noble who experiments in politics playfully.

By comparing mere human beings such as Shaftesbury and Monmouth with biblical characters such as Absalom and Achitophel, Dryden succeeded in exposing the pettiness and the dishonesty of Shaftesbury and Monmouth.

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The treatment, in other words, is ironical. It is with the last statement that Shaftesbury and Monmouth have been compared to Achitophel and Absalom mock-heroically--that the present editor disagrees with. The adoption of the biblical allegory was not meant to be consistent ironical, affecting Charles II and Shaftesbury alike.

We have already seen that comparing Charles II to King David was by now an established literary tradition which was not necessarily ironical.

Parts of Absalom and Achitophel are definitely ironical, as for example the beginning of the poem. Similarly, character sketches of Zimri, Shimei, Corah have definite satiric touches, which Dryden has himself qualified as Varronian.

Dryden, "Absalom and Achitophel"

But to classify the whole of Absalom and Achitophel as a satire is to assume that a part amounts to the whole. In writing Absalom and Achitophel the political and philosophical stakes were too high for Dryden to write a consistent and complex satire and risk his readers losing the message.

If there is misrepresentation in Absalom and Achitophel, Dryden could ill afford his readers to think that the misrepresentation was factual. In fact, it was just the opposite. In the prefatory remarks to the poem Dryden claims that he is writing history.

Satire, in other words, at least for a writer like Dryden, was for less important subjects or individuals. When it concerns the very future of monarchy, satire was not the proper literary technique. Dryden, unfortunately for us, complicates the issue by referring to his poem as a satire.

Therefore, if we are to go by what the author said about his poem, Absalom and Achitophel may be called a satire. But that should not be the sole criterion for classifying this work.

To the extent Absalom and Achitophel was written to reform the ways of Country Party politicians, the poem may be called a satire.

It is, however, only a partial view of satire.

John dryden absalom and achitophel

There has to be consistent irony and therefore a misrepresentation of the truth, and most importantly, a tacit agreement between the writer and the reader that there is a misrepresentation.

And yet it has some drawbacks, too. Its one great fault is its abrupt end. There is no poetic justice and it lacks in conclusion, the plot or action. Some of the characters in the poem do speak, but without any follow-up action.

Noise and fury are galore, but they mean little and point to nothing. In spite of these minor defects, the poem is remarkable for its allegory, the epic form and allusive irony and heroic style. Everywhere the treatment of serious subjects is enlivened by touches wit and humor.Absalom and Achitophel: Absalom and Achitophel, verse satire by English poet John Dryden published in The poem, which is written in heroic couplets, is about the Exclusion crisis, a contemporary episode in which anti-Catholics, notably the earl of Shaftesbury, sought to bar James, duke of York, a Roman Catholic.

Absalom and Achitophel by John Dryden: Detailed Summary King David of Israel who is compared to Charles II of England had no legitimate issue from his legally married wife, though he had a number of illegitimate children from his several mistresses.

John dryden absalom and achitophel

Absalom and Achitophel is a celebrated satirical poem by John Dryden, written in heroic couplets and first published in The poem tells the Biblical tale of the rebellion of Absalom against King David, but this tale is an allegory used to represent a story contemporary to Dryden, a story of King Charles II and the Exclusion Crisis ( Absalom and Achitophel is a celebrated satirical poem by John Dryden, written in heroic couplets and first published in The poem tells the Biblical tale of the rebellion of Absalom against King David, but this tale is an allegory used to represent a story contemporary to Dryden.

Absalom and Achitophel: Absalom and Achitophel, verse satire by English poet John Dryden published in The poem, which is written in heroic couplets, is about the Exclusion crisis, a contemporary episode in which anti-Catholics, notably the earl of Shaftesbury, sought to .

Absalom and Achitophel satirizes the Whig Party, which sought to prevent the succession of James, Duke of York, to the English throne.

Dryden ridicules the Whigs and present favorable portraits of.

Dryden, "Absalom and Achitophel"