Share Shares 1K Samurai are legendary warriors and perhaps the most well-known class of people in ancient Japan. They were noble fighters that fought evil and each other with their swords and frightening armor, following a strict moral code that governed their entire life. Their weapon of choice was usually the naginata, a spear with a curved, sword-like blade that was versatile, yet relatively light. Since historical texts offer relatively few accounts of these female warriors the traditional role of a Japanese noblewoman was more of a homemakerwe used to assume they were just a tiny minority.
This edict allowed the Japanese aristocracy to adopt the Tang dynasty political structure, bureaucracyculture, religion, and philosophy. With an understanding of how the population was distributed, Emperor Monmu introduced a law whereby 1 in 3—4 adult males were drafted into the national military.
These soldiers were required to supply their own weapons, and in return were exempted from duties and taxes. It was called "Gundan-Sei" ja: Those of 6th rank and below were referred to as "samurai" and dealt with day-to-day affairs. Although these "samurai" were civilian public servants, the modern word is believed[ by whom?
Military men, however, would not be referred to as "samurai" for many more centuries. At this time the 7th to 9th centuriesthe Imperial Court officials considered them to be merely a military section under the control of the Imperial Court. While the emperor was still the ruler, powerful clans around Kyoto assumed positions as ministers, and their relatives bought positions as magistrates.
To amass wealth and repay their debts, magistrates often imposed heavy taxes, resulting in many farmers becoming landless. These clans formed alliances to protect themselves against more powerful clans, and by the mid-Heian period, they had adopted characteristic Japanese armor and weapons.
Originally, the Emperor and non-warrior nobility employed these warrior nobles. In time they amassed enough manpower, resources and political backing, in the form of alliances with one another, to establish the first samurai-dominated government. As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was typically a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the FujiwaraMinamotoor Taira clans.
Though originally sent to provincial areas for fixed four-year terms as magistrates, the toryo declined to return to the capital when their terms ended, and their sons inherited their positions and continued to lead the clans in putting down rebellions throughout Japan during the middle- and later-Heian period.
Because of their rising military and economic power, the warriors ultimately became a new force in the politics of the Imperial court. The victor, Taira no Kiyomoribecame an imperial advisor and was the first warrior to attain such a position. He eventually seized control of the central government, establishing the first samurai-dominated government and relegating the Emperor to figurehead status.
However, the Taira clan was still very conservative when compared to its eventual successor, the Minamoto, and instead of expanding or strengthening its military might, the clan had its women marry Emperors and exercise control through the Emperor.
The Taira and the Minamoto clashed again inbeginning the Genpei Warwhich ended in The victorious Minamoto no Yoritomo established the superiority of the samurai over the aristocracy.
Instead of ruling from Kyoto, he set up the shogunate in Kamakuranear his base of power. Initially, their responsibility was restricted to arresting rebels and collecting needed army provisions and they were forbidden from interfering with Kokushi officials, but their responsibility gradually expanded.
Thus, the samurai-class appeared as the political ruling power in Japan.
Ashikaga shogunate Various samurai clans struggled for power during the Kamakura and Ashikaga shogunates. Zen Buddhism spread among the samurai in the 13th century and helped to shape their standards of conduct, particularly overcoming the fear of death and killing, but among the general populace Pure Land Buddhism was favored.
Japan mustered a mere 10, samurai to meet this threat. The invading army was harassed by major thunderstorms throughout the invasionwhich aided the defenders by inflicting heavy casualties. The Yuan army was eventually recalled and the invasion was called off. The Mongol invaders used small bombswhich was likely the first appearance of bombs and gunpowder in Japan.Some samurai had buke bunko, or "warrior library", a personal library that held texts on strategy, the science of warfare, and other documents that would have proved useful during the warring era of feudal Japan.
One such library held 20, volumes. LEGACY OF THE SAMURAI _The characteristics, philosophy,_ _and history of the samurai._ For seven centuries, the samurai ruled Japan as the powerful warrior class.
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Please check your internet connection or reload this page. LEGACY OF THE SAMURAI _The characteristics, philosophy,_ _and history of the samurai._ For seven centuries, the samurai ruled Japan as the powerful warrior class. As a class of warriors and knights, they led society in feudal Japan.
The worst of these medieval Japanese warriors were little better than street thugs; the best were fiercely loyal to their masters and true to the unwritten code of chivalrous behavior known today as Bushido (usually translated as “Precepts of Knighthood” or “Way of the Warrior”).
Nov 01, · In , Japan's feudal era came to an end, and the samurai class completely came to an end. Student 2 The Japanese samurai was a warrior class that existed for several centuries and followed a code called bushido or “the Way of the Warrior.” The samurai were best known for their dedication to service, especially to their masters.