The purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation written by Dennis Jamison Jan 11, SAN JOSE, CA, January 10, — On January 10, over one hundred and fifty years ago, as the new year of got underway, the American public was in a state of disarray and division — much worse than the nation is at this period in time. The United States of America was in the midst of the Civil War, and it was an incredibly terrible time as the nation was tragically ripped apart by the horrors of that warfare. Only nine days prior, the new year was rung in with great uncertainty as people awaited word from their family and loved ones on the front lines.
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When it took effect in Januarythe Emancipation Proclamation freed 3. And how did he get from his pledge not to interfere with slavery to a decision a year later to issue an emancipation proclamation?
The answers lie in the Constitution and in the course of the Civil War. As an individual, Lincoln hated slavery. As commander in chief of the armed forces in the Civil War, Lincoln also worried about the support of the four border slave states and the Northern Democrats.
These groups probably would have turned against the war for the Union if the Republicans had made a move against slavery in If it restrained him from alienating proslavery Unionists, it also empowered him to seize enemy property used to wage war against the United States.
Slaves were the most conspicuous and valuable such property.
They raised food and fiber for the Southern war effort, worked in munitions factories, and served as teamsters and laborers in the army. Benjamin Butler, commander of Union forces occupying a foothold in Virginia at Fortress Monroe on the mouth of the James River, provided a legal rationale for the seizure of slave property.
By the trickle had become a flood. Some Union commanders gave them shelter and protection; others returned them to masters who could prove their loyalty to the United States.
In March Congress enacted a new article of war forbidding army officers to return fugitive slaves to their masters. Before the war was a year old, therefore, the slaves themselves had taken the initiative that forced Northern authorities to move toward making it a war for freedom. By the summer ofhowever, it was clear that he risked alienating the Republican half of his constituency if he did not act against slavery.
Moreover, the war was going badly for the Union. After a string of military victories in the early months ofNorthern armies suffered demoralizing reverses in July and August.
The argument that emancipation was a military necessity became increasingly persuasive. It would weaken the Confederacy and correspondingly strengthen the Union by siphoning off part of the Southern labor force and adding this manpower to the Northern side.
In July Congress enacted two laws based on this premise: By this time Lincoln had decided on an even more dramatic measure: We must free the slaves or be ourselves subdued….
The Administration must set an example, and strike at the heart of the rebellion. Seward persuaded Lincoln to withhold the proclamation until a major Union military victory could give it added force.
Lincoln used the delay to help prepare conservative opinion for what was coming. Lincoln had already decided to free some and was in effect forewarning potential opponents of the Emancipation Proclamation that they must accept it as a necessary measure to save the Union.
In a publicized meeting with black residents of Washingtonalso inLincoln urged them to consider emigrating abroad to escape the prejudice they encountered and to help persuade conservatives that the much-feared racial consequences of emancipation might be thereby mitigated.
Lincoln had tried earlier to persuade the border states to accept gradual emancipation, with compensation to slave owners from the federal government, but they had refused. Emancipation would vastly increase the stakes of the war.
The Thirteenth Amendment Meanwhile Lincoln and the Republican party recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation, as a war measure, might have no constitutional validity once the war was over.
The legal framework of slavery would still exist in the former Confederate states as well as in the Union slave states that had been exempted from the proclamation. So the party committed itself to a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery. The overwhelmingly Republican Senate passed the Thirteenth Amendment by more than the necessary two-thirds majority on April 8, But not until January 31,did enough Democrats in the House abstain or vote for the amendment to pass it by a bare two-thirds.
Eric Foner and John A. The groundbreaking series reimagined.Summary.
|What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation||Slave states and free states Abraham Lincoln The United States Constitution of did not use the word "slavery" but included several provisions about unfree persons. Article I, Section 9 allowed Congress to pass legislation to outlaw the "Importation of Persons", but not until|
|The Purpose||Understanding the Emancipation Proclamation written by: Lincoln felt it was necessary to win the Civil War.|
|The Emancipation Proclamation 1863||This is not true, although it served as a precursor for the 13th amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery; the 14th amendment, which granted citizenship to former slaves; and the 15th amendment, which prohibited states from denying citizenship to former slaves. What is the Emancipation Proclamation?|
|Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation||January 1, President Lincoln read the first draft of this document to his Cabinet members on July 22, After some changes, he issued the preliminary version on September 22, which specified that the final document would take effect January 1,|
This Presidents and the Constitution e-lesson focuses on Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. Though he had always hated slavery, President Lincoln did not believe the Constitution gave him the authority to bring it to an end—until it became necessary to free the slaves in order to save the Union.
President Lincoln justified the Emancipation Proclamation as a war measure intended to cripple the Confederacy. Being careful to respect the limits of his authority, Lincoln applied the Emancipation Proclamation only to the Southern states in rebellion.
Understanding the Emancipation Proclamation requires understanding the purpose for the decree by Abraham Lincoln.
This study guide will tell you what the Emancipation Proclamation is, what its purpose was, and what the effect on the Civil War and on the future of the United States was.
On September 22, , President Lincoln issued the. By the President of the United States of America: A Proclamation. Whereas, on the twentysecond day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit.
President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation in the midst of the Civil War, announcing on September 22, , that if the rebels did not end the fighting and rejoin the Union by January 1, , all slaves in the rebellious states would be free.
May 31, · On this day in , President Abraham Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which sets a date for the freedom of more than 3 million black slaves in .